Everyone knows that it is the result of the circulation of the Earth around the sun. The period of this cycle is about 365 days, and that’s the rhythm of the season’s change. The word ” about ” in the previous sentence, it follows that measuring the length of the accurately equal to 365 days we cause between time calendar and the time of the astronomical (dependent giving precisely determine the position of the earth on wokółsłonecznej orbit) occurs difference that year to increases. It was introduced to compensate fairly complicated rules for determining the so-called leap years . I’ll write about it but it was only in 2016, because it is the nearest term, when again, the calendar will appear Feb. 29. Well, unless sooner the world will end or the end of this blog, which is my personal hope that the end of the world is more likely .
Let us leave aside, however, date 02.29.2016 and focus on today’s date: 01.01.2014. We have New Year. But actually – why now?
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Astronomers can determine the exact length of the year but are unable to indicate when the year begins and when it ends. Earth’s orbit around the sun, there is no objectively highlighted the point that in passing to entitle us to say: here over the previous year and the next year begins .
Therefore, the end of the old and the beginning of the new year occurs at the time that people accepted the principle of agreement . In most countries, this agreement assumes that the last moment of the old year is midnight on December 31, and the first moment of the new year is the first day of the second starting January 1 .But it is worth remembering that this agreement does not everyone agrees! Orthodox greet the Happy New Year 2017 . January , I use the calendar Julian , and not (commonly used) Gregorian.
The Indians chose the date of October 26 as their New Year holiday called Divali. Chinese New Year depends on the phase of the moon falls on different dates between the end of January and the end of February. This year will fall on January 31 and then starts to Year of the Horse (previous year was the Serpent, and the next year will be Sheep). The Jewish New Year is also moving (falls on different dates in our calendar) because it is celebrated on the first day of the month of Tishri(September / October). Incidentally, the Jewish new year has already started Sept. 4, 2013 year (according to. Our calendar). According to the Jewish calendar completed then the year 5773 and started the year 5774 years, which in their calendar is the year of a leap and has 13 months (in the two months of Adar – Adar rishon and Adar Sheni ).
Interesting facts about how and when different nations celebrate the New Year can be multiplied, but here I confine to these few examples cited above, aiming only to this to make sure you that the location of the New Year on January 1 is a matter of contract .